Thursday, 29 December 2011

Human and chimp genomes quite different

Research has shown that the often repeated 98%-99% similarity between human and chimp DNA is misleading. A thorough review of evidence has put the similarities at 85-59% maximum.


The DNA similarity figures are often used to claim support for human and chimpanzee descent from a common ancestor, but are misleading. They have tended to ignore non-coding sequences, so called  'junk DNA' which is increasingly being seen as more important than had previously been thought. Almost nothing is known of how the proteins such as collagen are actually assembled and put into place, just producing a lump of collagen is no good, you need working tendons attached to the right places at each end, etc. This higher order assembly instruction information, which is not observed to be produced by untintelligent processes, is most likely located in the so called junk DNA which is usually omitted from DNA percentage comparisons.

DNA similarities can equally well be taken to signify common design, there are after all only so many ways to build bone, hair, skin or muscle. Krebs cycle and other very fundamental metabolic processes are common to all living things so there is bound to be a huge amount of similarity in DNA between cabbages and kings, lettuces and lemmings etc.

The reality is that far from supporting their case as they would have us believe, DNA poses numerous insuperable problems for the Darwinian, not least since it and its associated check and repair mechanism are irreducably complex and are built by proteins and nanomachinery which it codes for, the mother and father of all chicken and egg situations.


  1. Your conclusions are, of course, completely unfounded. The truth is that evolutionary relationships and processes are used every day to advance science. You have to either remain ignorant of this fact, practice denialism, or be too irrational to process the overwhelming evidence for evolution.

    While you yammer on, lying to the public for Gawd, science goes on w/o you:

    Evolution of Highly Polymorphic T Cell Populations in Siblings with the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome

    Strong Signature of Natural Selection within an FHIT Intron Implicated in Prostate Cancer Risk

    Modeling the Fitness Consequences of a Cyanophage-Encoded Photosynthesis Gene

    Distribution and Effects of Nonsense Polymorphisms in Human Genes

    Detection and Molecular Characterization of 9000-Year-Old Mycobacterium tuberculosis from a Neolithic Settlement in the Eastern Mediterranean

    Origination of the Split Structure of Spliceosomal Genes from Random Genetic Sequences

    Evolution of the Aging Brain Transcriptome and Synaptic Regulation

    The Evolution of HoxD-11 Expression in the Bird Wing: Insights from Alligator mississippiensis

    Tree of Life Based on Genome Context Networks

    Evidence for Avian Intrathoracic Air Sacs in a New Predatory Dinosaur from Argentina

  2. Mitochondrial and Nuclear Genes Suggest that Stony Corals Are Monophyletic but Most Families of Stony Corals Are Not (Order Scleractinia, Class Anthozoa, Phylum Cnidaria)

    A Reevaluation of the Native American MtDNA Genome Diversity and Its Bearing on the Models of Early Colonization of Beringia

    Genome-Wide Analysis of the “Cut-and-Paste” Transposons of Grapevine

    Multiple Advantageous Amino Acid Variants in the NAT2 Gene in Human Populations

    Genome-Wide Analysis of Natural Selection on Human Cis-Elements

    Elusive Origins of the Extra Genes in Aspergillus oryzae

    Controlling Population Evolution in the Laboratory to Evaluate Methods of Historical Inference

    A Thirty Million Year-Old Inherited Heteroplasmy

    Origin of Co-Expression Patterns in E.coli and S.cerevisiae Emerging from Reverse Engineering Algorithms

    Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae)

    Emergence of Xin Demarcates a Key Innovation in Heart Evolution

    A Dynamic Stochastic Model for DNA Replication Initiation in Early Embryos

    The Role of bZIP Transcription Factors in Green Plant Evolution: Adaptive Features Emerging from Four Founder Genes

    Paleodistributions and Comparative Molecular Phylogeography of Leafcutter Ants (Atta spp.) Provide New Insight into the Origins of Amazonian Diversity

    Evolutionary Patterns in the Sequence and Structure of Transfer RNA: A Window into Early Translation and the Genetic Code

    Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination in Fish Revisited: Prevalence, a Single Sex Ratio Response Pattern, and Possible Effects of Climate Change

    A 28,000 Years Old Cro-Magnon mtDNA Sequence Differs from All Potentially Contaminating Modern Sequences

    Molecular Characterization of the Gastrula in the Turtle Emys orbicularis: An Evolutionary Perspective on Gastrulation

    Seventeen New Complete mtDNA Sequences Reveal Extensive Mitochondrial Genome Evolution within the Demospongiae

    Diversity and Evolution of Coral Fluorescent Proteins

  3. Universal Scaling in the Branching of the Tree of Life

    Network Evolution of Body Plans

    An Automated Phylogenetic Tree-Based Small Subunit rRNA Taxonomy and Alignment Pipeline (STAP)

    Phylogenetic Detection of Recombination with a Bayesian Prior on the Distance between Trees

    A Network Model for the Correlation between Epistasis and Genomic Complexity

    Directed Evolution Generates a Novel Oncolytic Virus for the Treatment of Colon Cancer

    Estimation of Isolation Times of the Island Species in the Drosophila simulans Complex from Multilocus DNA Sequence Data

    From Offshore to Onshore: Multiple Origins of Shallow-Water Corals from Deep-Sea Ancestors

    Duplicated Paralogous Genes Subject to Positive Selection in the Genome of Trypanosoma brucei

    Epigenetic Regulation of the Mammalian Cell

    Stylus: A System for Evolutionary Experimentation Based on a Protein/Proteome Model with Non-Arbitrary Functional Constraints

    Pattern of the Divergence of Olfactory Receptor Genes during Tetrapod Evolution

    Adaptive Evolution and Functional Redesign of Core Metabolic Proteins in Snakes

    Chlamydiae Has Contributed at Least 55 Genes to Plantae with Predominantly Plastid Functions

    Multigene Phylogeny of Choanozoa and the Origin of Animals

    Highly Conserved Regimes of Neighbor-Base-Dependent Mutation Generated the Background Primary-Structural Heterogeneities along Vertebrate Chromosomes

    De-Orphaning the Structural Proteome through Reciprocal Comparison of Evolutionarily Important Structural Features

    Optimal Foraging Predicts the Ecology but Not the Evolution of Host Specialization in Bacteriophages

    Rickettsia Phylogenomics: Unwinding the Intricacies of Obligate Intracellular Life

    Dental Microwear and Diet of the Plio-Pleistocene Hominin Paranthropus boisei

  4. Molecular Mapping of Movement-Associated Areas in the Avian Brain: A Motor Theory for Vocal Learning Origin

    A Role for Gene Duplication and Natural Variation of Gene Expression in the Evolution of Metabolism

    Ancient DNA Elucidates the Controversy about the Flightless Island Hens (Gallinula sp.) of Tristan da Cunha

    Morphological Evolution of Spiders Predicted by Pendulum Mechanics

    Australia's Oldest Marsupial Fossils and their Biogeographical Implications

    Inevitable Evolutionary Temporal Elements in Neural Processing: A Study Based on Evolutionary Simulations

    GPCR Genes Are Preferentially Retained after Whole Genome Duplication

    Tempo and Mode of Diversification of Lake Tanganyika Cichlid Fishes

    Architecture of an Antagonistic Tree/Fungus Network: The Asymmetric Influence of Past Evolutionary History

    The Phylogeny of the Four Pan-American MtDNA Haplogroups: Implications for Evolutionary and Disease Studies

    Small-Bodied Humans from Palau, Micronesia

    Parallel Selection on TRPV6 in Human Populations

    Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) for Pan-Genomic Evolutionary Studies of Non-Model Organisms

    Sequence Evidence in the Archaeal Genomes that tRNAs Emerged Through the Combination of Ancestral Genes as 5′ and 3′ tRNA Halves

    Shrimps Down Under: Evolutionary Relationships of Subterranean Crustaceans from Western Australia (Decapoda: Atyidae: Stygiocaris)

    A Combination of Genomic Approaches Reveals the Role of FOXO1a in Regulating an Oxidative Stress Response Pathway

    Non-Uniform Survival Rate of Heterodimerization Links in the Evolution of the Yeast Protein-Protein Interaction Network

    Evolution and Diversity of Clonal Bacteria: The Paradigm of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    An Update on MyoD Evolution in Teleosts and a Proposed Consensus Nomenclature to Accommodate the Tetraploidization of Different Vertebrate Genomes

    Genome-Wide Prediction of Functional Gene-Gene Interactions Inferred from Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Mice and Men

    A Three-Stage Colonization Model for the Peopling of the Americas

    Comparative Genomic Analyses of Copper Transporters and Cuproproteomes Reveal Evolutionary Dynamics of Copper Utilization and Its Link to Oxygen

  5. Horizontal Gene Transfer Regulation in Bacteria as a “Spandrel” of DNA Repair Mechanisms

    Phylogenetic Analysis of the Neks Reveals Early Diversification of Ciliary-Cell Cycle Kinases

    Ancestral Inference and the Study of Codon Bias Evolution: Implications for Molecular Evolutionary Analyses of the Drosophila melanogaster Subgroup

    SLiMFinder: A Probabilistic Method for Identifying Over-Represented, Convergently Evolved, Short Linear Motifs in Proteins

    Phylogeny, Diet, and Cranial Integration in Australodelphian Marsupials

    Maladaptation and the Paradox of Robustness in Evolution

    Adaptive Evolution of a Stress Response Protein

    Homeotic Evolution in the Mammalia: Diversification of Therian Axial Seriation and the Morphogenetic Basis of Human Origins

    Direct Selection on Genetic Robustness Revealed in the Yeast Transcriptome

    Accelerated FoxP2 Evolution in Echolocating Bats

    Persistent Infection and Promiscuous Recombination of Multiple Genotypes of an RNA Virus within a Single Host Generate Extensive Diversity

    Early Evolution of Ionotropic GABA Receptors and Selective Regimes Acting on the Mammalian-Specific Theta and Epsilon Subunits

    Dating Phylogenies with Hybrid Local Molecular Clocks

    An Amphioxus Gli Gene Reveals Conservation of Midline Patterning and the Evolution of Hedgehog Signalling Diversity in Chordates

    Ubx Regulates Differential Enlargement and Diversification of Insect Hind Legs

    Successful Biological Invasion despite a Severe Genetic Load

    Impedance-Matching Hearing in Paleozoic Reptiles: Evidence of Advanced Sensory Perception at an Early Stage of Amniote Evolution

    Degeneration of the Olfactory Guanylyl Cyclase D Gene during Primate Evolution

    Insights from Amphioxus into the Evolution of Vertebrate Cartilage

    Patterns of Selection in Anti-Malarial Immune Genes in Malaria Vectors: Evidence for Adaptive Evolution in LRIM1 in Anopheles arabiensis

  6. Phylogenomics Reshuffles the Eukaryotic Supergroups

    Beringian Standstill and Spread of Native American Founders

    Large Scale Comparative Codon-Pair Context Analysis Unveils General Rules that Fine-Tune Evolution of mRNA Primary Structure

    MHC Adaptive Divergence between Closely Related and Sympatric African Cichlids

    Combining Phylogeography with Distribution Modeling: Multiple Pleistocene Range Expansions in a Parthenogenetic Gecko from the Australian Arid Zone

    Evidence for a Minimal Eukaryotic Phosphoproteome?

    Expressed Sequence Tags as a Tool for Phylogenetic Analysis of Placental Mammal Evolution

    Considering the Case for Biodiversity Cycles: Re-Examining the Evidence for Periodicity in the Fossil Record

    The Intersexual Genetic Correlation for Lifetime Fitness in the Wild and Its Implications for Sexual Selection

    Protistan Diversity in the Arctic: A Case of Paleoclimate Shaping Modern Biodiversity?

    Biphasic Hoxd Gene Expression in Shark Paired Fins Reveals an Ancient Origin of the Distal Limb Domain

    Selection against Spurious Promoter Motifs Correlates with Translational Efficiency across Bacteria

    Predicting Prokaryotic Ecological Niches Using Genome Sequence Analysis

    The Evolution of Gene Expression QTL in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Changing Hydrozoan Bauplans by Silencing Hox-Like Genes

    Acoel Flatworms Are Not Platyhelminthes: Evidence from Phylogenomics

    Wolbachia-Induced Unidirectional Cytoplasmic Incompatibility and Speciation: Mainland-Island Model

    Rapid Evolution of Spermathecal Duct Length in the Allonemobius socius Complex of Crickets: Species, Population and Wolbachia Effects

    Extensive Gains and Losses of Olfactory Receptor Genes in Mammalian Evolution

    A Structural Split in the Human Genome

  7. Locating Pleistocene Refugia: Comparing Phylogeographic and Ecological Niche Model Predictions

    Primate TNF Promoters Reveal Markers of Phylogeny and Evolution of Innate Immunity

    Structure and Evolutionary Origin of Ca2+-Dependent Herring Type II Antifreeze Protein

    A Post-Synaptic Scaffold at the Origin of the Animal Kingdom

    HIV-Specific Probabilistic Models of Protein Evolution

    Robust Time Estimation Reconciles Views of the Antiquity of Placental Mammals

    Evolution of Axis Specification Mechanisms in Jawed Vertebrates: Insights from a Chondrichthyan

    Evolution of Robustness to Noise and Mutation in Gene Expression Dynamics

    Evolutionary Diversification of SPANX-N Sperm Protein Gene Structure and Expression

    Novelties in Hybrid Zones: Crossroads between Population Genomic and Ecological Approaches

    Recalibrated Tree of Leaf Beetles (Chrysomelidae) Indicates Independent Diversification of Angiosperms and Their Insect Herbivores

    Evolution of Anolis Lizard Dewlap Diversity

    A Practical Genome Scan for Population-Specific Strong Selective Sweeps That Have Reached Fixation

    Genesis of a Fungal Non-Self Recognition Repertoire

    Large-Scale Comparative Genomic Ranking of Taxonomically Restricted Genes (TRGs) in Bacterial and Archaeal Genomes

    Biological Feedbacks as Cause and Demise of Neoproterozoic Icehouse: Astrobiological Prospects for Faster Evolution and Importance of Cold Conditions

    Within-Host Speciation of Malaria Parasites

    Sequential Broadening of CTL Responses in Early HIV-1 Infection Is Associated with Viral Escape

    Plasmids and Rickettsial Evolution: Insight from Rickettsia felis

    Insights into the Molecular Evolution of the PDZ/LIM Family and Identification of a Novel Conserved Protein Motif

  8. The Identification of Lymphocyte-Like Cells and Lymphoid-Related Genes in Amphioxus Indicates the Twilight for the Emergency of Adaptive Immune System

    Ancient Origin of the New Developmental Superfamily DANGER

    Comparison of Protein and mRNA Expression Evolution in Humans and Chimpanzees

    Evolutionary History of LINE-1 in the Major Clades of Placental Mammals

    Vertebrate Vitellogenin Gene Duplication in Relation to the “3R Hypothesis”: Correlation to the Pelagic Egg and the Oceanic Radiation of Teleosts

    Pre-Bilaterian Origins of the Hox Cluster and the Hox Code: Evidence from the Sea Anemone, Nematostella vectensis

    Shaping Leg Muscles in Drosophila: Role of ladybird, a Conserved Regulator of Appendicular Myogenesis

    Invasion and Persistence of a Selfish Gene in the Cnidaria

    Multiplexed SNP Typing of Ancient DNA Clarifies the Origin of Andaman mtDNA Haplogroups amongst South Asian Tribal Populations

    Late Cretaceous Vicariance in Gondwanan Amphibians

    The Evolution of Mammalian Gene Families

    That's just a partial selection, from a limited time period, from one classification heading, of one open source journal.

    IOW, it's an almost infinitesimally small sampling of the science; showing explanatory power and yielding predictions, as all good science will do.

    The equivalent from ID:

    Well, let's see? Hmmm? Well, an "ID friendly" "science" journal, "Bio-Complexity" printed exactly 7 papers in two years.

    And they are either not actually supportive of ID or complete non-scientific BS.

    Care to comment on this state of affairs?


feel free to comment, good manners and lucidity are appreciated.